New Perception out of Kurdish and you may Turkish into the Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect off Persian Azerbaijan and Surrounding Nations

New Perception out of Kurdish and you may Turkish into the Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect off Persian Azerbaijan and Surrounding Nations

—–. 1989. The fresh new Sentence structure and Semantics out of Verb Morphology for the Progressive Aramaic: A good Jewish Dialect regarding Iraqi Kurdistan. Western Oriental Collection, 69. New Sanctuary: American Chinese language Neighborhood.

Meehan, Charles, and Jacqueline Alon. 1979. The Son Whose Tunic Stuck to help you Him: Good Folktale on Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect out-of Zakho (Iraqi Kurdistan). Israel Oriental Knowledge nine:174-203.

Sabar, Yona. 1976. Lel-Huza: Story and you will Records within the a cycle from Lamentations into Ninth off Ab in the Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect from Zakho. JSS -62.

—–. 1988. The ebook regarding Exodus within the Neo-Aramaic throughout the Dialect of your Jewish Community off Zakho [Hebrew]. Jerusalem: Magnes Force.

This type of half dozen binyanim of Syriac was in fact reduced in NENA to help you several basic classes, that have a third directly allied on 2nd

Thomason, Sarah Grey, and Terrence Kaufman. 1988. Language Get in touch with, Creolization, and you may Hereditary Linguistics. Berkeley and you can La: Univ. out-of Ca Press.

The original classification descends from the fresh peal, next classification regarding pael, as well as the 3rd, whoever vocalism comes after that another, hails from this new afel

Another foundation complicating the problem is the differential influences of the various co-territorial dialects. The latest dialect differences within Kurdish are extremely considerable, and its effect will be tracked a few of the variation certainly NENA languages. Instance, the new Jewish Neo-Aramaic off Halabja, for instance the Kurdish of the urban area, does not separate a gift and you may coming demanding, but in which Kurdish keeps including a distinction, so do Neo-Aramaic. When you look at the Azerbaijan, Turkish has exerted solid impact on the brand new Jewish dialect (Garbell 1965b), and also the languages of plain off Mosul show a strong dictate regarding Arabic maybe not seen someplace else.

Tkhuma (Tx): The text from descendants from emigrants from of your own partial-independent ashirets out-of the southern part of Poultry, now citizen along the Khabur Area within the Syria. Information is out-of Jacobi (1973) and my cards.

(5) Syriac got around three earliest spoken stems, the new peal, the new pael, together with afel. To those were extra about three passive stems, molded regarding the very first of these of the prefixation away from e[Theta]-: the new e[Theta]pael, the newest age[Theta]paal, while the ettafal. This case is obtainable during NENA. In most NENA dialects, verbs often remain in the verb classes where they certainly were found in earlier degree of the words. That’s, new descendant off an effective Syriac peal verb was a great NENA Group We verb, and you can an effective Syriac pael verb might possibly be a NENA Classification II verb: for example, Urmi ptaxa ‘open’ away from prior to peal, and you may sadure ‘send’ out of earlier pael. Although not, in the Jewish Azerbaijani, Halabja, and possibly Koy Sanjaq, the category registration might have been reorganized which can be predictable for the basis of model of the latest base in place of its historical origin. Such as for example, inside the Azerbaijani the newest C base gets the form CaCoC- getting voice verbs, whatever its supply, and CCaC- for center-poor verbs: garosen ‘I in the morning pulling’, however, kwasan ‘I (f.) was descending’ (Garbell 1965, 64).

(11) Some other very extreme invention in the NENA ‘s the third person copula which have l: ile ‘he is’, ila ‘she is’. This type get obtain (Noldeke 1868, 203) out of i[Theta] leh ‘he has’, however, no copula think its great is external NENA. The initial and you may second individual lack an l, except from inside the Jewish Azerbaijani, in which the l could have been generalized through the paradigm: Jilu iwIt ‘you (masc.) are’, Aradhin we:profit ‘I (masc.) am’, Azerbai big’ (Garbell 1965, 64). ile is located during NENA except from inside the Halabja, with -(y)e: yarxa rahamim-ye ‘it ‘s the few days out-of mercy’. Neither Turoyo nor Mandaic has variations parallel so you can ile: Turoyo harke-yo ‘he is here’, harke-zero ‘I am here’; Mandaic basim-ye ‘he was charming’, basim-na ‘I have always been charming’ (Macuch 1965, 443).

(19) The outdated Aramaic phrase having ‘son’, bra from inside the BT, might have been offered in every NENA but Hertevin by the addition of diminutive suffix -ona/-una: Azerbaijan Jewish brona (Garbell 1965, 297), Jilu bruna (Fox 1992, 51), Aradhin bru:na (Krotkoff 1982, 122), Tisqopa brona (Rubba, personal interaction), Zakho brona (Meehan and Alon 1979, 177). not, both Turoyo and you will Mandaic has actually a keen epenthetic vowel, however, zero suffix: Turoyo ?abro (Jastrow 1985, 221), and Mandaic eber otherwise ebra (Macuch 1965, 520).

b) Sometimes, Hertevin aligns having Turoyo, contrary to the rest of NENA. They does not have an effective CCaCa present stressful (6), has no sodir preterite (12), does not have any preposition ta (15), and you can spends ruh to create reflexive pronouns (14).

—–. 1965. The brand new Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect of Persian Azerbaijan: Linguistic Data and Folkloristic Texts. Janua Linguarum, series practica step three. The fresh new Hague: Mouton.